Science news 10 Feb, 2021
China’s Mars Mission Is Up Next to Orbit the Red Planet - The New York TimesNew York Times
The Tianwen-1 mission is scheduled to be the second of three new visitors to Mars this month.
SpaceX wins contract to launch first pieces of NASA's Gateway lunar outpost – Spaceflight Now - Spaceflight NowSpaceflight Now
NASA's Perseverance Mars rover landing will be must-see TV - CNETCNET
The next robot on Mars will touch down in a few weeks, and the views will be truly otherworldly.
Can super-Earth interior dynamics set the table for habitability? - Phys.orgPhys.Org
New research led by Carnegie's Yingwei Fei provides a framework for understanding the interiors of super-Earths—rocky exoplanets between 1.5 and 2 times the size of our home planet—which is a prerequisite to assess their potential for habitability. Planets of…
Not a living fossil: How the Coelacanth recently evolved dozens of new genes - Phys.orgPhys.Org
The capture of the first living Coelacanth, a mighty ocean predator, off the coast of South Africa caused quite a stir in 1938, 65 million years after its supposed extinction. It became known as a "living fossil" owing to its anatomy looking almost identical …
Santa Cruz is seeing more great white sharks. Now researchers know why - San Francisco ChronicleSan Francisco Chronicle
Scientists say the warming waters of Monterey Bay have recently become more suitable...
Solar Orbiter Is About to Reach the Far Side of the Sun - GizmodoGizmodo.com
Few 1-year-olds are as intrepid explorers as NASA and the European Space Agency’s Solar Orbiter. The space probe is already 138 million miles from Earth and is about to take baby’s first trip behind the Sun.
SpaceX's Crew-1 astronauts break 47-year US space record - Livescience.comLive Science
They have spent more time in space than the crew of any other mission launched from U.S. soil.
First Mission to the Trojan Asteroids Installs its Final Instrument - NASANASA
With less than a year to launch, NASA’s Lucy mission’s third and final scientific instrument has been integrated onto the spacecraft.
Advanced Simulations Reveal How Air Conditioning Spreads COVID-19 Aerosols Through Restaurants - SciTechDailySciTechDaily
More preventive measures, such as shielding underneath tables and improving air conditioner filtration efficiency, could reduce exposure to COVID-19 within air-conditioned restaurants. The detailed physical processes and pathways involved in the transmission …
So long Senator Shelby: Key architect of SLS rocket won’t seek reelection - Ars TechnicaArs Technica
Shelby said NASA's exploration of space will "always" go through Alabama.
Mapping the ice on Mars that could support future missions - Ars TechnicaArs Technica
It's not great to land near Mars' poles, and accessing water will be key.
How This Teeny-Tiny Sea Critter Punches Like Mike Tyson - WIREDWired
Using a camera shooting 300,000 frames per second, researchers catch the amphipod snapping its extraordinarily powerful claw.
Watch a Billion Years of Shifting Tectonic Plates in 40 Mesmerising Seconds - ScienceAlertScienceAlert
The tectonic plates that cover Earth like a jigsaw puzzle move about as fast as our fingernails grow, but over the course of a billion years that's enough to travel across the entire planet – as a fascinating new video shows.
Next stop Mars: 3 spacecraft arriving in quick succession - Los Angeles TimesLos Angeles Times
Three spacecraft are ready to hit the brakes at Mars, after hurtling hundreds of millions of miles through space.
SpaceX Starship prototype gets frosty for a launch attempt as early as this week - TeslaratiTeslarati
Update: It appears that SpaceX has completed Starship SN10’s first cryogenic proof test campaign and the company lifted its road closure around 4:30 pm CST, signifying the end of Monday’s testing. If Monday’s cryo proof was successful, SpaceX has requested po…
New analysis finds Betelgeuse is dimming and has entered helium-burning phase - Daily MailDaily Mail
A new study found the star Betelgeuse was dimming last year because it is in the early core helium-burning phase, which is when helium fuses into carbon - one of the stages before exploding.
Moon Trees are living testaments to mankind’s first trips to the Moon: Where are they now? - PennLivePennLive
As part of the Apollo 14 mission, a cannister of about 500 tree seeds, orbited the moon 34 times.
Camera captures the Southern Pinwheel galaxy in glorious detail - Phys.OrgPhys.Org
Astronomy enthusiasts might wonder why a camera called the Dark Energy Camera (DECam) would be used to image a single spiral galaxy. DECam has in fact already finished its main job, as the instrument was used to complete the Dark Energy Survey, which ran from…
Scientists say GPT-3 could handle your overloaded inbox so you can get back to work - The Next WebThe Next Web
A team of researchers from University College Maastricht recently published a study exploring the use of GPT-3 as an email manager. As someone with an inbox that can only be described as ludicrous, color me intrigued. The big idea: We spend hours a day readin…
How rocks rusted on Earth and turned red - Phys.orgPhys.Org
How did rocks rust on Earth and turn red? A Rutgers-led study has shed new light on the important phenomenon and will help address questions about the Late Triassic climate more than 200 million years ago, when greenhouse gas levels were high enough to be a m…
Teeth found in Chinese caves changed what scientists thought about human evolution. They were wrong - HaaretzHaaretz
New material yields soft, elastic objects that feel like human tissue - Phys.orgPhys.Org
Researchers in the labs of Christopher Bates, an assistant professor of materials at UC Santa Barbara, and Michael Chabinyc, a professor of materials and chair of the department, have teamed to develop the first 3-D-printable "bottlebrush" elastomer. The new …
OSIRIS-REx to Fly a Farewell Tour of Bennu - NASANASA
On April 7, NASA’s OSIRIS-REx mission will give asteroid Bennu one last glance before saying farewell.
Helium Ion Microscope Captures New Images of SARS-CoV-2 | Biology - Sci-News.comSci-News.com
New images of the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus demonstrate the potential of the helium ion microscopy in bioimaging, especially for the imaging of interactions between viruses and their host organisms.
Mystery of gamma radiation solved: Hidden cannibal star is just having dinner - Livescience.comLive Science
Don't get too close to this redback.
Oldest DNA from poop contains a Neanderthal’s microbiome - Ars TechnicaArs Technica
The Neanderthal microbiome wasn’t so different from ours, a recent study suggests.
This New 10 Terapixel Image of the Night Sky Contains 1 Billion Galaxies - kottke.orgkottke.org
After 1405 nights of observation over 6 years, astronomers at three observatories have produced an image of the night sky that c
A New Kind of Magnetism Formed by “Magnetic Graphene” – Could Reveal Secrets of Superconductivity - SciTechDailySciTechDaily
Researchers have identified a new form of magnetism in so-called magnetic graphene, which could point the way toward understanding superconductivity in this unusual type of material. The researchers, led by the University of Cambridge, were able to control th…
Study of supergiant star Betelgeuse unveils the cause of its pulsations - Phys.orgPhys.Org
Betelgeuse is normally one of the brightest, most recognizable stars of the winter sky, marking the left shoulder of the constellation Orion. But lately, it has been behaving strangely: an unprecedentedly large drop in its brightness has been observed in earl…
Fifty Years On, Alan Shepard's Golf Ball Has Been Found On The Moon - IFLScienceIFLScience
Last month we brought you the news that dinosaurs probably beat us to the Moon. This month, golf balls have been found up there, which isn't quite as excit
Scientists warn over misuse of climate models in financial markets - ReutersReuters
Misuse of climate models could pose a growing risk to financial markets by giving investors a false sense of certainty over how the physical impacts of climate change will play out, according to the authors of a paper published on Monday.
Researchers gain insight into the biology of a deadly fungus - Phys.orgPhys.Org
Researchers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst have gained new insight into the biological processes of a chytrid fungus responsible for a deadly skin infection devastating frog populations worldwide.
Watch this tiny crustacean make some of the fastest snaps on Earth - Science MagazineScience Magazine
Amphipods may use the behavior to frighten off enemies
Alcohol abuse rises amid pandemic, with hospitals in SoCal and elsewhere reporting wave of deadly liver disease - KTLA Los AngelesKTLA Los Angeles
As the pandemic sends thousands of recovering alcoholics into relapse, hospitals across the country have reported dramatic increases in alcohol-related admissions for critical diseases such as alcoholic hepatitis and liver failure. Alcoholism-related liver di…
'Under A White Sky' Examines What It Might Take For Humans To Continue To Exist - NPRNPR
Elizabeth Kolbert makes clear how far we already are from a world of undisturbed, balanced nature — and how far we must go to find a new balance for the planet's future, one that still includes us.
A Billion Years in 40 Seconds: Mesmerizing Video Reveals the Evolution Our Dynamic Planet - SciTechDailySciTechDaily
New research helps understand how plate tectonics powers life on Earth. Plate tectonics are responsible for the deep-carbon and deep-water cycles. Arrangement of continents has changed sea level in the past. The evolution of life is modified by tectonics — co…
Holography 'quantum leap' could revolutionise imaging - Phys.orgPhys.Org
A new type of quantum holography which uses entangled photons to overcome the limitations of conventional holographic approaches could lead to improved medical imaging and speed the advance of quantum information science.
New warm-Neptune exoplanet discovered - Phys.orgPhys.Org
By analyzing archival radial velocity data, astronomers have detected a new warm-Neptune alien world. The newfound exoplanet, designated HD 183579b (or TOI-1055b) is about three and a half times larger and almost 20 times more massive than the Earth. The find…
Superpowerful 'oscillon' particles could have dominated the infant universe, then vanished - Livescience.comLive Science
NASA Picks SpaceX to Launch SPHEREx Space Telescope - ExtremeTechExtremeTech
The agency has just awarded SpaceX another cargo contract, this one to deploy the upcoming SPHEREx space telescope. This instrument will scan the entire sky over two years, but it won't start the work until 2024 at the earliest.
Disease experts warn of surge in deaths from Covid variants as US lags in tracking - The GuardianThe Guardian
Despite having a well-developed genomic sequencing infrastructure, a national surveillance program was never enacted
Bond distance of rare element einsteinium is measured – Physics World - physicsworld.comphysicsworld.com
Breakthrough could help scientists create more superheavy elements
Life on Venus? The Picture Gets Cloudier - The New York TimesNew York Times
Despite doubts from many scientists, a team of researchers who said they had detected an unusual gas in the planet’s atmosphere were still confident of their findings.
Martian moon Phobos could tell us what Mars was like in the past - CNNCNN
Phobos, one of the Martian moons, may actually hold key information about what Mars was like in the past, according to new research, because it was right in the path of the Martian atmosphere as it escaped out into space.